This week we will continue to examine Spain. We will see the beginning of the decline of Spain when the Spanish met their defeat when the English defeat their Spanish Armada. Phillip II of Spain Phillip II was a member of the Hapsburg family & King of the Spanish Empire. Phillip ruled a huge empire in the Americas as well as territories in Europe. The Hapsburg rule of Charles V and his son Phillip II is also considered the Golden Age of Spain as it coincided with a flowering of Spanish art, architecture, and literature. Spain was the superpower of her time as she grew wealthy through the gold & silver imports in her American colonies. Artists such as El Greco & Diego Velaquez and writers like Miguel de Cervantes were among the most influential artists during Spain’s Golden Age. We examined these painters before Thanksgiving. Philip sought to increase his power by wedding Mary Queen of England. The Horrible History video shows their ill-fated marriage.
Lastly, we will examine the attempt of Spain to defeat and invade England with their invincible Armada. The defeat of the Spanish Armada led to the decline of the Spanish empire and the growth of England as a world power. You will use read and examine Primary & Secondary sources and answer constructed response questions. The powerpoint and worksheet links can be found below. Spanish Armada