The period following Louis’s execution became known as ‘The
Terror’ in France. In the years 1793 — 1794, thousands of
people suspected of anti-revolutionary activities or of helping
France’s enemies were sent to the guillotine. We need to look at
the situation in France to understand why the reign of terror
began. In January 1793, Louis was executed. In February, it
was clear that the war was still going badly for France. And in
March, there was a peasant revolt in Vendee, in the northwest.
In August, the Jacobins declared that ‘Terror is the order
of the day’. By the late summer, many areas of France were
rebelling against the new radical Jacobin government. Because
of these threats to the stability of France, the Convention took
emergency measures. It set up a Committee of Public Safety
(source 1), which had twelve members. Measures
such as setting up the Committee for Public Safety,
were aimed at allowing the revolution to survive
during a crisis. A fear of traitors had grown in
France following revolution and war, and this led to another
measure, revolutionary tribunals.The law was changed to try folk
quickly. You will examine several sources and answer constructed response questions using the sources. make sure you use the sources in your answers.
You will examine the Reign of Terror using primary & secondary sources. Make sure you answer completely using complete sentences.