Illustration: British general Robert Clive makes a secret deal to gain territory in India for Britain
Wednesday/Thursday examine imperialism by looking at the British takeover of India. The British began their conquest of India not with the landing of an army but with a desire to establish trade. The British East India Company was a joint stock company formed to establish trade between Britain and India & East Asia. Soon after establishing trading posts in East India the Company soon became entangled in Indian politics.
As Britain gained an influence the Mughal empire slowly declined in power. As Britain controlled territory the British began to manipulating local rulers using the suggestion that their power depended upon British support. The East India Company had their own army largely composed of Indian soldiers called sepoys. British insensitivity led to the Sepoy Mutiny(or the War for Indian Independence as it’s called today in India). After a serious of massacres and atrocities on both sides, the British emerged victorious(with help from other Indians) and established India as a crown colony with Queen Victoria proclaimed the Empress of India. While the British brought some improvements they were mostly concerned with enriching themselves. By the end of the 19th century with the establishment of the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906 Indian nationalism began to unite Indians in their desire for Indian self-rule.
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