Explorers Continued: Spanish, English, French and even the Dutch


We will continue to examine the explorers who journeyed into the unknown. Last class we looked at the reasons & factors involved in exploration. We also looked at how the Portuguese were the first nation to begin exploring with the encouragement of Prince Henry the Navigator. Today we will begin with the Spanish and examine the voyages of Columbus and then the other European explorers. We will not cover all European explorers but some of the most important ones.

Finally, you will complete 4 constructive response questions.

(Make sure all uncompleted work is done before the First Six Weeks)

Explorers continued Powerpoint 

Explorers Continued Guided Notes

Exploration Constructive Response questions (also see below)

Vasco Nunez di Balboa sees the Pacific Ocean


Exploration Constructive Response questions

  • How did devices like the astrolabe, compass, & caravel help promote exploration?
  • What role did Henry the Navigator play in launching the Age of Exploration?
  • What mission did Queen Elizabeth I give Sir Francis Drake when he sailed around the world? What did he do to accomplish that mission? See the following website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/drake_francis.shtml
  • Do you agree or disagree with this statement: “The AGE OF Exploration could not have occurred without the Renaissance”? Support your answer.



Hurricane Relief 2017

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Last year we suffered through destructive floods but now Texas, Florida, and the Virgin Islands are suffering from the devastation wrought by Hurricane Irma. I’ve decided to collect needed supplies for hurricane victims and you can help by contributing items. In return, you will be rewarded with bonus points.

In order to receive credit, all items will need to be brought to my classroom by Wednesday morning before the end of 1st period.

The following items will be for cleaning buckets. Items below will be placed in buckets for shipment. (30 points for each item. You can bring multiple items.)

  • 5 scouring pads. Remove from packaging. No stainless steel, no Brillo or SOS pads no soap built in.
  • 7 sponges (dry only) Remove from packaging. No cellulose sponges due to mold
  • 18 cleaning wipes (reusable, non-linen); Handi-wipes types; no terry cleaning
    towels. Remove from packaging.
  • Liquid laundry detergent 50 oz. (2-25 oz. or 1-50 oz.)
  • 1 household cleaner, 12-16 oz. plastic bottle
  • 1 disinfectant dish soap, 16-28 oz. plastic bottle
  • 50 clothes pins
  • Clothesline (two 50 ft. or one 100 ft.) Cotton or plastic
  •  5 dust masks
  •  2 pair heavy-duty reusable latex gloves
  • 1 pair leather palm work gloves; cotton with leather palm or totally leather
  • 24-bag roll of heavy-duty trash bags, 33-45 gallon size. Remove roll from the box.
  • 1 insect repellant spray, 6-14 oz. plastic bottle w/protective cap
  • Air freshener, 8 or 9 oz. bottle w/protective cap

Hygiene kits are also needed as people struggle to clean their homes and return to normalcy. Hygiene Kits provide basic personal hygiene items for people who have been displaced from their home because of a natural disaster or human-induced calamity. You can contribute by helping with the following items. All items must be new.

  • 1 hand towel
    15” x17” works best; do not exceed 17” x 27” or the contents will not fit in the bag
    kitchen, cleaning, or microfiber towels are not acceptable
     1 washcloth
     1 comb
    sturdy and 6” or longer only
     1 stainless nail clipper
     I nail file
    no emery boards, please
     1 bath-size bar soap
    -Individually wrapped, 3 oz. and larger sizes only
    no Ivory or Jergens allowed due to moisture content; liquid soaps not allowed
    do not remove from original packaging
     1 toothbrush
    adult size only;
    do not remove from original packaging
     1 toothpaste squeezable tube
     6 adhesive bandages, Band-Aid type¾” to 1” size
  • Anyone who wants to donate Walmart or Home Depot gift cards can also do so. Those cards are also very helpful for needy people.
  • I will be collecting items Monday-Wednesday.
  • You are not required to participate and not everyone will be able to but this is just one way some of us can help.

Image result for houston floodingRelated image

New Unit: Age of Discovery

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This week we begin a new unit-Age of Discovery (1450-1700). We will examine scientific discoveries, technological inventions, and visionaries who sparked an age of scientific innovations in Europe.  We examine the Europeans that engaged in exploration & conquest in Africa, Asia, and the Americas as well as the consequences of their exploration which led to colonization and slavery. We will examine the Middle Passage, the Triangular Trade, mercantilism and slavery throughout the Western Hemisphere. Finally, we will look at the Scientific Revolution & the scientists who changed the world.


We will watch the short video below to help us understand the importance of this era of history.

We will begin Unit One by examining the reasons & motivations for exploration and begin to look at the first explorers. Because the Portugal was the first nation to begin exploration we will examine them first. The powerpoint can be found below.

Introduction to the Age of Exploration & Explorers Powerpoint

Introduction to the Age of Exploration Guided Notes

Age of Discovery Explorers Routes Map & Definitions


The map below can be used to help you with your map

Image result for explorers routes map

Baton Rouge National College Fair

Image result for college fairImage result for baton rouge college fair

On Wednesday, September 201, 2017 all seniors will travel to the River Center for the NACAC College Fair. You will have the opportunity to meet with representatives from colleges near and far. This is a good opportunity for you as you plan for next year.

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We will return to school before lunch but there is a concession where you can purchase snacks. Click the link below and register.

Baton Rouge National College Fair-NACAC Fair Registration

or type into your browser:  https://www.nacacfairs.org/attend/national-college-fairs/baton-rouge-national-college-fair/

Image result for southern universityImage result for fort valley state universityImage result for morehouse collegeImage result for spelman college

Image result for southeastern louisiana universityImage result for mercer universityImage result for brccImage result for university of georgia

Image result for university of georgia football uga


Review for a Unit Test

Next week you will take a test on the Renaissance & Reformation. It will be worth 150 points.


How can you study?

First review the 2 Crash Course videos found in the earlier posts below. One is on the Renaissance and the other is on the Reformation. Or click the links above.

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Secondly, Read. The links below will provide online text to read on your phone, tablet or computer.

Renaissance and Reformation Textbook Reading

Other Reading resources:

Macrohistory: The Renaissance Begins

Sparknotes: The Italian Renaissance

History Channel-Italian Renaissance

History Channel-Leonardo da Vinci

History Channel-Renaissance Art

Macrohistory:The Protestant Reformation

History Channel- The Reformation

History Channel- Martin Luther & the 95 Theses

Sparknotes: Henry VIII

Infoplease:Counter Reformation

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Thirdly, review your notes and fill in any missing or incomplete information by using the Powerpoints found in earlier posts. The links can be found below

Introduction to the Renaissance Powerpoint

Powerpoint Italian Renaissance Part 2

 Northern Renaissance Power Point

Powerpoint on the Reformation & Martin Luther

Powerpoint-The Protestant Reformation continues

English Reformation Power Point

Catholic Counter Reformation Powerpoint

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Lastly, complete the study guide. But remember completing the study guide does not mean just filling definitions using a glossary but having a complete understanding of the topic.

Unit 1 Renaissance & Reformation Study Guide You DO NOT have to complete a study guide. It is offered for your benefit. If you complete a study guide it will be worth 75 points. If you do not complete a study guide you will not be penalized. 

Essay: There will be a constructed response essay of at least 3-5 paragraphs as part of the test. DO NOT ignore it because it can cost you at least a letter grade. But I am letting you know ahead of time your choices on the essay. They are:

1.Causes of the Renaissance

2.Differences between the Italian Renaissance & the Northern Renaissance

3.Characteristics of the Renaissance

4.Causes & Effects of the Reformation.

Make sure you write at least 3-5 paragraphs on your chosen topic. The best grade will be a complete answer. Do not write a little bit on each topic but rather a complete answer on one topic. If needed you may use the graphic organizer found below to help structure & organize your essay.

Organize your constructed response



The Counter Reformation 1530-1648

Trent                                                                                                   Council of Trent

The last major topic we will cover before our unit test is the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation. The Counter-Reformation had two goals one to reform the church from within and second to stop the spread of Protestantism. The Counter-Reformation culminated in the Council of Trent. We will examine this two-pronged approach of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the individuals who worked to implement the work of the Council of Trent.

Catholic Counter Reformation Powerpoint

Counter Reformation Guided Notes

Image result for ignatius of loyola vision during his recovery from surgery

Ignatius of Loyola wounded in battle. During his recovery, he underwent a religious conversion that led to the founding of the religious order The Jesuits.

After an examination of the Counter Reformation, you will read about the printing press and why it had such a revolutionary impact on society. After reading answer the ten questions. We will also take the EADMS pretest.

How did the Printing Press Change History? Guided Reading

The Spanish Inquisition from History of the World by Mel Brooks

The English Reformation


England was slow to join the Reformation but when the Pope refused to grant King Henry VIII a divorce (or more accurately an annulment) Henry withdrew England from the Roman Catholic Church.

Image result for henry viii family portrait

This week we will study the English Reformation & the Catholic Counter-Reformation and we will complete our study of the Renaissance & the Reformation with a unit test after the Labor Day break. (Note: B Day classes are a day behind due to school closure on Wednesday. B Day classes will cover the previous lesson)

Reading- The English Reformation BBC History

English Reformation Power Point

English Reformation Guided Notes

The video below is a clip from the BBC show Horrible Histories. A character is portraying Henry VIII as he sings about his wives. You will be given a bonus on your Unit Exam in which you list Henry’s wives and their fates. This song will help you remember.

To see the Henry VIII wives Song with lyrics & subtitled follow this link to Schooltube


Lastly, you will examine Luther’s 95 theses. You’ll answer some short questions then come up with your own protest based on a scenario you make up. The attachments are available below.

Primary Source- Martin Luther’s 95 Theses

Link to Luther’s 95 Theses a Modern Translation 

Enough is enough and it’s time for a change!! Constructive Response & Organize your protest worksheet

martin-luther tweets



Follow me on Twitter for opportunities to respond for extra points and even bonus points. Or just an occasional class announcement.


You can also keep up with class by following this website. Sign up below.

The Reformation Spreads

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We will continue to examine the Reformation. We will look at Luther after the Diet of Worms, the Peasant’s Revolt and the Peace of Augsburg.  Then we will look at other reformers including Ulrich Zwingli and especially John Calvin. Finally, you will examine some Reformation Woodcuts, answer the constructed response questions, and then design your own political cartoon. Find the Powerpoint,  Guided Notes, and worksheet below.


Powerpoint-The Protestant Reformation continues

The Reformation Continues Guided Notes

Reformation Woodcuts Worksheet


The Reformation and Martin Luther


October 31, 1517, is one of the most important dates to remember in history for this was the date that an Augustinian monk named Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses on the church door in Wittenberg protesting the abuses of the Roman Catholic Church especially the sale of indulgences. This year is important because October 31, 2017, marks the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation.

Luther’s challenge to the Roman Catholic church began a division in Europe and Christianity that still exists today. Next, we will examine the causes of the Reformation and the reasons behind Luther’s protest. After taking notes we will begin presenting your Renaissance art evaluations

Powerpoint on the Reformation & Martin Luther

Martin Luther and The Reformation Guided Notes

Below is a film clip of the 2003 film Luther in which Martin Luther appeared at the Diet of Worms.

Lastly, you will read from Machiavelli’s The Prince and Baldassare Castiglione’s The Courtier.You read and complete a sheet about Machiavelli and you will read a section of Baldassare Castiglione’s The Courtier. If you are absent the links can be found below. You can take a self-test to see if you are Machiavellian. Are you destined to be a ruthless leader? Take the test and find out.

Primary Source Reading:  Baldassaire Castilione’s The Book of the Courtier

How Machiavellian are you self-quiz

Machiavelli’s The Prince worksheet


The Northern Renaissance



Next, we will look at the Northern Renaissance. The Northern Renaissance began as the ideas in Italy spread to other parts of Europe. We will examine how the Renaissance spread and how it was different from the Renaissance in Italy. After looking at the powerpoint you will be given time to complete your Renaissance art evaluations.

The link to the Northern Renaissance Power Point is here

Northern Renaissance Guided Notes  

  Image result for northern renaissance paintingsImage result for northern renaissance paintingsImage result for northern renaissance paintings


Supplemental Readings on the Northern Renaissance

Eyecon Art: The Northern Renaissance  

The 15th Century in Northern Europe  

Khan Academy: An Introduction to the Northern Renaissance

Shakespeare’s Worldwide Influence: Omkara A version of Shakespeare’s Othello made in India.

Ran a Japanese movie based on Shakespeare’s King Lear