The Reign of Terror-Primary Sources


The period following Louis’s execution became known as ‘The
Terror’ in France. In the years 1793 — 1794, thousands of
people suspected of anti-revolutionary activities or of helping
France’s enemies were sent to the guillotine. We need to look at
the situation in France to understand why the reign of terror
began. In January 1793, Louis was executed. In February, it
was clear that the war was still going badly for France. And in
March, there was a peasant revolt in Vendee, in the northwest.
In August, the Jacobins declared that ‘Terror is the order
of the day’. By the late summer, many areas of France were
rebelling against the new radical Jacobin government. Because
of these threats to the stability of France, the Convention took
emergency measures. It set up a Committee of Public Safety
(source 1), which had twelve members. Measures
such as setting up the Committee for Public Safety,
were aimed at allowing the revolution to survive
during a crisis. A fear of traitors had grown in
France following revolution and war, and this led to another
measure, revolutionary tribunals.The law was changed to try folk
quickly. You will examine several sources and answer constructed response questions using the sources. make sure you use the sources in your answers.

1-sansCoulletes Sans-culottes

You will examine the Reign of Terror using primary & secondary sources. Make sure you answer completely using complete sentences.

Reign of Terror Sources Worksheet

The Republic and the Reign of Terror



Last period we saw the causes of The French Revolution which led to the beginnings of the Revolution with the storming of the Bastille. We will continue to examine the events of the Revolution as it led to the Republic, the execution of King Louis XVI and finally the Reign of Terror as the Committee on Public Safety led by Danton & Robespierre began to send to the guillotine those perceived to be the enemies of the Revolution.


The French Revolution: The Republic & The Reign of Terror Powerpoint

The French Revolution: The Republic & The Reign of Terror Guided Notes


The Revolution Brings Reform & Terror Textbook Reading (you need to make sure that you do more than just review the powerpoints. Make sure you complete the textbook readings in order to gain a deeper understanding.)


Lastly, you will make a Tombstone and epitaph of a French revolution personality.Use the attached template.

Make a Gravestone and epitaph Worksheet & template

Your task: Write the epitaph (a summary statement of commemoration for a dead person) like you’d find on a gravestone for a person from this unit. You may earn extra points if you make it artistic. Complete 2 from the following:

Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, George Danton, Jean Paul Marat, Maximillian Robespierre, Charlotte Corday

Your epitaph should follow this model:

Here Lies….



Husband/wife of….

Father/Mother/brother/son of…or

Member of which political group

Famous for…

Remembered for…

Include two pictures that represent the person. (for royals use French Royal symbols & for others use symbols of the French Revolution.)

Finally, we will watch the following video on the Terror.


robespierre-executed                                                                                         The Terror ended with the execution of Robespierre.











The Causes of the French Revolution


This week we will examine a very important part of Europe and World history The French Revolution. By the mid 1700s France was considered the most advanced country in the world and the center of the Enlightenment. Yet while France had all the appearances of a rich prosperous country this appearance was deceiving as France was deep in debt and simmering in unrest as France suffered from high taxes, high inflation, inequality and lingering questions raised by Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau. These tensions and problems led to the French Revolution.


As we examine the issues of the French Revolution you will look at the different phases and issues of the Revolution through the viewpoints & perspectives of different classes of French citizens. During this time citizens of France were divided into classes or Estates. The Three Estates were: First Estate: Clergy, Second Estate: Nobility, Third Estate: Everyone else  (About 95 percent of the population, including the bourgeoisie(middle class), urban workers, and rural peasants.

French Revolution Powerpoint Part 1

The French Revolution Begins Guided Notes

The Causes of the French Revolution: Primary Sources and Questions

The French Revolution Begins Textbook Reading

Back to School: Monarchy in England & The English Civil War


Hope you all had a great break. This week we’ll continue looking at Monarchy in Europe by looking at England.


The story of monarchy in England is the story of the struggle between the monarch and Parliament the legislative body of England. In contrast to the monarchs of Spain & France the English monarchs were limited by Parliament. This culminated in the struggle between King Charles I and Parliament which resulted in the English Civil War. The Civil War ended with Parliamentary victory and a Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell. The Commonwealth ended with the death of Cromwell and Charles II became king with the Restoration of the monarchy in England. Yet the power of Parliament remained supreme for when King James II began to assert his power he was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution & his daughter Mary &  William of Orange  become co-regents William & Mary. Thus begins England as a constitutional monarchy. A monarchy which is limited by law.


The Powerpoint is found in the link below as well as the worksheet which includes a timeline & crossword puzzle. If you finish early you can work on your Monarch Facebook profile.


English Civil War  (1642–1651)

Monarchy in England Powerpoint

Monarchy in England Guided Notes

Monarchy in England Crossword puzzle

English Civil War Timeline

Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading

Absolute Monarchy in Russia


Normally we look at Absolute Monarchy in England before we discuss Russia but since we are behind we will look at Russia now and discuss England when we return after the holidays.

The story of absolute monarchy and Russia is the story of the struggle between traditional Russian culture and the advances of Western European culture. You will examine 3 rulers of Russia, Ivan IV(known as Ivan the Terrible), Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great.


You will be responsible for studying this section on your own. There may be classroom time available after you finish your Oliver Cromwell character worksheet in class. As you examine this section make sure you watch the videos below, read the textbook readings found in the links below and then lastly use the powerpoint as notes and a supplement.

Ivan the Terrible

Peter the Great


Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great

Absolute Rulers of Russia Textbook Reading

Catherine the Great Textbook Reading

Absolute Monarchs in Russia Powerpoint

Absolute Monarchs in Russia Guided Notes

After an examination of Russia you will look at King Louis XIV again by completing an 8 block worksheet.


Take a Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles

You will go to a website featuring a virtual tour of the Palace of Versailles. You must examine 5 areas of the Palace and as you examine each area take notes and pay special attention to how the Palace reflects Louis XIV’s view of himself and monarchy. You can choose any areas of the Palace but everyone must examine the Hall of Mirrors(which also played a major role in the Paris Peace talks that ended WWI). When you finish summarize in a least 2 paragraphs by answering the following question: How does the Palace of Versailles reflect the desire of Louis XIV to be an absolute ruler & to be known as the Sun King?


First we will watch the video below

Chateau de Versailles - Galerie des Glaces

There are several sites that will give you a tour

Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles Website

Virtual Tour of the Gardens and Outside

Google Street Map Tour (No Tourists in the Pics)

Official Versailles Website( More information and Pictures)

Use the Worksheet below to record your impressions and thoughts as you take your tour. Then write at least 2 paragraphs answering the following question: How does the Palace of Versailles reflect the desire of Louis XIV to be an absolute ruler & to be known as the Sun King?

Virtual Tour of Versailles Worksheet

Palace of Versailles Powerpoint



Absolute Monarchs: France & Louis XIV

This week we will continue to discuss absolute monarchs by examining the development of the monarchy in France. We will begin by looking at the conflict between the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants) and the Roman Catholic majority, the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, and the ascent of Henry IV to the throne of France as he converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism so he can become King of France. The video below shows the horror of the St. Bartholomew’s  Day Massacre.


Much of our time though will be dedicated to discussing Louis XIV called the Sun King because he believed France and the world revolved around him. Louis declared ‘L’etat c’est moi’ I am the State. Louis XIV is the best example of an absolute monarch and had a greater impact both positive & negative on France than any other monarch.

Absolute Monarchy in France Powerpoint

Absolute Monarchy in France Guided Notes

SunKing Louis XIV The Sun King Symbol

The following textbook link will aid you in a deeper understanding of absolutism in France: Absolute Monarchy in France: The Reign of Louis XIV textbook reading

                                                                                                        louisxiv                                                                                    Louis XIV                                                                          

Finally we will spend class-time watching the video below. The Rise and Fall of Versailles.Everyone must watch the video, take notes and write a summary paragraph on the video. It must be in YOUR OWN WORDS. If you are absent then you are still responsible for watch the video, taking notes, and a summary paragraph. 

Spain, England and the Spanish Armada

spanish-golden-age                                                                                                            This week we will continue to examine Spain. We will see  the beginning of the decline of Spain when the Spanish met their defeat when the English defeat their Spanish Armada.                                                                                                                                  Philip_II Phillip II of Spain                                                                                                Phillip II was a member of the Hapsburg family & King of the Spanish Empire. Phillip ruled a huge empire in the Americas as well as territories in Europe. The Hapsburg rule of Charles V and his son Phillip II is also considered the Golden Age of Spain as it coincided with a flowering of Spanish art, architecture, and literature. Spain was the superpower of her time as she grew wealthy through the gold & silver imports in her American colonies. Artists such as El Greco & Diego Velaquez and writers like Miguel de Cervantes were among the most influential artists during Spain’s Golden Age. We examined these painters before Thanksgiving. Philip sought to increase his power by wedding Mary Queen of England. The Horrible History video shows their ill-fated  marriage.

Lastly, we will examine the attempt of Spain to defeat and invade England with their invincible Armada. The defeat of the Spanish Armada led to the decline of the Spanish empire and the growth of England as a world power. You will use read and examine Primary & Secondary sources and answer constructed response questions.   The powerpoint and worksheet links can be found below.   Armada Spanish Armada  


Spain, England, and the Spanish Armada Powerpoint

Spain, England, and the Spanish Armada Guided Notes

Spanish Armada Primary and Secondary Sources and Worksheet


Absolute Monarchy Vocabulary


Today we will work on vocabulary as the last assignment before Thanksgiving break. There are 14 words below. Pick 12 to complete using the Lincs table worksheet. You can find the definitions in the online textbook pages 72-89 or look on the page titled Supplemental Readings and use the 2 glossaries. Supplemental Readings is found here on this website.

Use the words below

Absolutism, Boyar, Czar, stability, Cavaliers, Authority, Decline, Baroque, Roundheads, heretics, Commonwealth, Constitutional Monarchy, Huguenots, Puritan 

Lincs Table Worksheet

Your definitions should be similar to the example below


This work will be used as either bonus or Makeup!


Playoff Game tonight! Good Luck Hornets!