New Economic Ideas: Capitalism vs. Communism

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As Industry grew and populations grew from primarily rural to urban society began to change and new ways of thinking about the economy emerged. Next, we will examine the new ideas and the thinkers who struggled with how to understand the consequences of the industrial world. Laissezfaire economics as presented by the writer Adam Smith supported free market capitalism while Karl Marx advanced the theories of socialism and communism.  Links to the Powerpoint & work are found in the links below. The Crash Course World History video is a helpful summary.

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New Ideas in Society Powerpoint

New Ideas in Society Guided Notes

Industrialization Spreads Textbook Reading

Reforming the Industrial World Textbook Reading

Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham proposed utilitarianism the idea that the goal of  society should be “the greatest happiness for the greatest number of citizens.”  After he died his body was stuffed and it is still on display at University College London. I met Jeremy in 2002.


Lastly, you will complete a crossword puzzle and read about the Crystal Palace Exposition that was held in London at the height of the Industrial Revolution.


Industrial Revolution Word Search, Political Cartoon & Crystal Palace Guided Reading


The growth of Industry and the Rise of the Industrialist


The growth of industry brought about changes in society and the growth of industry. Before the Industrial Revolution, wealthy landowners controlled most of the wealth & power in society but afterward, power and wealth became centered in industrialists, financiers, and bankers. These entrepreneurs would pool their money to create large corporations which created large industries. We will examine some of these industrialists like Andrew Carnegie in a short powerpoint.



Industry & Industrialists Powerpoint

Industry & Industrialists Guided Notes

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Afterwards, you will create an advertisement for an invention that impacted the Industrial Revolution.

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Your Task: Create an advertisement for a technological advance in history.  This should be a one-page ad that could appear in a newspaper or magazine.

 Your ad must include:

  1. A drawing of the item or the location of the event
  2. Color throughout
  3. Why people should be interested
  4. A price
  5. A list of what the item does
  6. A made up quote from someone living at the time

After creating your advertisement describe your product in one paragraph. What does your product do and how does it advance society.

Advertisement Assignment Instructions Sheet

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Industrial Revolution- An Introduction

Today we will continue an examination of the Industrial Revolution by looking at the beginnings and causes of the great changes wrought by the coming of Industry.

Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution Powerpoint

Inventions & Definitions Organizer Use the organizer to research important inventions. Include a definition, the purpose of the invention, the inventor, the country of origin and the result & impact of the invention. Be brief. Then summarize the invention that has had the greatest impact on you. The textbook reading below will help you understand the topic discussed today.

The Beginnings of Industrialization Textbook Reading


The following video helps explain the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution

New Unit: Industrial Revolution

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With the start of a new semester, we will also begin a new unit. We will investigate the Revolutionary changes wrought by the Industrial Revolution. This will include the changes brought by inventions and advances in technology but also the new ideas that emerged as a result of industrialization & urbanization. But first, we will look at the Agricultural revolution in Great Britain and how that led to the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in Britain. From there will examine the growth of industry in the textile industry which was advanced by inventions such as the steam engine. We will look at both inventions & the inventors.

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Today we will watch the old mostly silent Charlie Chaplin movie, Modern Times. Charlie Chaplain’s Modern Times shows the struggle to survive in the modern, industrialized world. Although much of the movie is silent it is still a funny movie that has serious themes. The movie, Modern Times deals with many of the problems industrial society struggles with as well as contemporary society. Problems such as urbanization, unemployment, communism, drug use, and poverty all get a mention in this movie. For more on Chaplin and the movie check out the website dedicated to Chaplin.

Watch the movie and answer the questions on the worksheet link found below.

Charlie Chaplin’s Modern Times Constructed Response Questions

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The Fall of Napoleon and Your Study Guide




By the beginning of 1812, Napoleon was at the height of his power in Europe. He controlled all of Europe either directly or indirectly yet Great Britain was still out of his reach. He sought to bring Britain to her knees through an economic blockade known as the Continental System. But in 1810 the Russian Czar Alexander I began to trade with the British which led to Napoleon’s decision to invade Russia and force Russia to cease trading with the British. Historians have long regarded this as Napoleon’s greatest mistake as the Russians merely retreated into the vastness of Russia. The harshness of the Russian winter decimated Napoleon’s army and gave Napoleon’s enemies an opportunity to defeat him at the Battle of Leipzig(also called the Battle of the Nations)


Battle of Waterloo

Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba in the Mediterranean but after a year he returned to Paris where he was welcomed as a returning hero. Napoleon gathered an army and faced a British and Prussian army led by the British Duke of Wellington at Waterloo in Belgium where he met his final defeat. Afterwards, the nations of Europe gathered at the Congress of Vienna where they remade Europe and attempted to roll back the Enlightenment changes brought by the French Revolution.

We will examine Napoleon’s fall, attempt to regain glory at Waterloo and Congress of Vienna. Afterwards, you will have an opportunity to complete any incomplete work and we will watch the video on Napoleon’s life. Link to the Powerpoint and textbook reading are found below.

The Fall of Napoleon Powerpoint

The Fall of Napoleon Guided Notes

Napoleon’s Empire Collapses Textbook Reading

The Congress of Vienna Textbook Reading

As we near the end of the semester you can complete one or two of the special projects listed below for bonus points.
The Study Guide will be at least 150 points if complete. Most of the midterm
Download from the link below
Below are all the assignments due during this grading period

The Rise of Napoleon


This week we will examine one of the most important people in World History Napoleon Bonaparte. After the chaos of the Reign of Terror Napoleon rose quickly up the ladder of power in France. We will first look at his rise to power through his military victories, the overthrow of the Directory, appointment as First Consul and then as Emperor. We will conclude by looking at the Peninsular War in Spain by looking at the painting Third of May by Francisco de Goya. Afterwards, you will complete a crossword puzzle and guided reading on the rise of Napoleon.

Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Powerpoint


We will use the following videos video below to help us understand the painting The Third of May by Goya.


Looking at the Peninsular War through Goya’s Third of May Worksheet

The Rise of Napoleon Guided Reading

Napoleon Forges An Empire Textbook Reading


The French Revolution:The Republic and the Reign of Terror



Last period we saw the causes of The French Revolution which led to the beginnings of the Revolution with the storming of the Bastille. We will continue to examine the events of the Revolution as it led to the Republic, the execution of King Louis XVI and finally the Reign of Terror as the Committee on Public Safety led by Danton & Robespierre began to send to the guillotine those perceived to be the enemies of the Revolution.


The French Revolution: The Republic & The Reign of Terror Powerpoint

The French Revolution: The Republic & The Reign of Terror Guided Notes


The Revolution Brings Reform & Terror Textbook Reading (you need to make sure that you do more than just review the powerpoints. Make sure you complete the textbook readings in order to gain a deeper understanding.)


Lastly, you will make a Tombstone and epitaph of a French revolution personality.Use the attached template.

Make a Gravestone and epitaph Worksheet & template

Your task: Write the epitaph (a summary statement of commemoration for a dead person) like you’d find on a gravestone for a person from this unit. You may earn extra points if you make it artistic. Complete 2 from the following:

Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, George Danton, Jean Paul Marat, Maximillian Robespierre, Charlotte Corday

Your epitaph should follow this model:

Here Lies….



Husband/wife of….

Father/Mother/brother/son of…or

Member of which political group

Famous for…

Remembered for…

Include two pictures that represent the person. (for royals use French Royal symbols & for others use symbols of the French Revolution.)

Finally, we will watch the following video on the Terror.


robespierre-executed                                                                                         The Terror ended with the execution of Robespierre.


The Causes of the French Revolution


This week we will examine a very important part of Europe and World history The French Revolution. By the mid 1700s France was considered the most advanced country in the world and the center of the Enlightenment. Yet while France had all the appearances of a rich prosperous country this appearance was deceiving as France was deep in debt and simmering in unrest as France suffered from high taxes, high inflation, inequality and lingering questions raised by Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau. These tensions and problems led to the French Revolution.


As we examine the issues of the French Revolution you will look at the different phases and issues of the Revolution through the viewpoints & perspectives of different classes of French citizens. During this time citizens of France were divided into classes or Estates. The Three Estates were: First Estate: Clergy, Second Estate: Nobility, Third Estate: Everyone else  (About 95 percent of the population, including the bourgeoisie(middle class), urban workers, and rural peasants.

French Revolution Powerpoint Part 1

The French Revolution Begins Guided Notes

The Causes of the French Revolution: Primary Sources and Questions

The French Revolution Begins Textbook Reading

Get ready for a Test and Catch Up!

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Before Thanksgiving break, we will take a test on the absolute Monarchs. Most of the test will be online. You will also have an opportunity to catch up since senior photos have caused many of you to miss classroom time.

Use this for an Absolute Monarchs textbook link for study

Before taking the test we will look at an atrocity that took place during the Thirty Years War. There will be at least two questions from this Powerpoint.

Sack of Magdeburg Powerpoint

Sack of Magdeburg Guided Notes

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Below are all the assignments you have had this grading period.

Spanish Armada Crossword

Spanish Armada Primary and Secondary Sources and Worksheet

8 block questions & Crossword

Palace of Versailles Virtual Tour Worksheet

For the above Virtual Tour Worksheet use Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles  Website   (Stockholm 360)

Reading Comprehension Worksheet

English Civil War Timeline

Monarchy in England & Oliver Cromwell character worksheet

Parliament limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading(use this reading for the Oliver Cromwell character worksheet)

Since we have been looking at European monarchs we have encountered Roman numerals. If you aren’t used to Roman numerals then they can be confusing. Use the link below to help understand how to understand Roman numerals.

WikiHow: How to Understand Roman Numerals

How did the Super Bowl start using Roman Numerals

Absolute Monarchy in Russia & Central Europe


Next, we will look at absolute Monarchy in Russia and Central Europe. First, we will examine Russia and then a quick overview of Central Europe including the Holy Roman Empire, The Thirty Years War, Austria, Prussia, and The Seven Years War.

Russia and Central Europe Powerpoint

Russia and Central Europe Guided Notes

The story of absolute monarchy and Russia is the story of the struggle between traditional Russian culture and the advances of Western European culture. You will examine 3 rulers of Russia, Ivan IV(known as Ivan the Terrible), Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great.


Ivan the Terrible

Peter the Great

Catherine the Great


Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great

Absolute Rulers of Russia Textbook Reading

Catherine the Great Textbook Reading

Lastly, you will answer constructive response questions and examine the character of Oliver Cromwell. You will be provided with a textbook section to complete the worksheet.

Monarchy in England & Oliver Cromwell character worksheet

Parliament limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading

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