Russian Revolution


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Vladimir Lenin

At the beginning of World War I Russia was a nation in turmoil. The reforms promised after the Revolution of 1905 never materialized and poverty persisted as the economy worsened. As the war progressed Russia’s prospects in the war were dim as Russia showed herself ill-equipped to fight a war against the Germans. As 1917 began Russia was on the edge of another revolution. By the end of 1917 Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin had seized power began to establish a radical Communist government as well as executing the entire Russian royal family. This led to a negotiated peace with the Central Powers and Russia’s withdrawal from World War One.

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Below you find links to the Russian Revolution, Guided notes and the worksheet for the day.

Russian Revolution Textbook Reading

Russian Revolution Powerpoint

Russian Revolution Guided Notes 

Russian Revolution Guided Reading & Crossword

Assassin’s Creed® Chronicles: Russia_20160209173945

 

 

Black & Asian Troops in World War I


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Many Sikh Indian troops fought for the British during WWI

Because most of the action and fighting during WWI took place within Europe many have the mistaken idea that only Europeans fought in WWI. But the reality is that WWI was a truly global war that included troops from around the world. Many African and Asian troops took part in the fighting as colonial troops with the hope that their courage and valor world win them respect and eventually self-rule and independence.

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369th Infantry Unit

When the United States entered the war in 1917 one of the most decorated and prestigious units was the  369th Infantry Unit better known as the Harlem Hellfighters. The Harlem Hellfighters were an all African-American unit who fought with amazing tenacity and courage alongside French troops in Europe. Because of racial discrimination in the US during training, the 369th was sent to France ahead of other troops and were allowed to fight alongside French troops because American generals did not want them fighting with white US troops. The

The French government awarded the entire regiment the Croix de Guerre. The video below  by the National Guard highlights the courage of the Harlem Hellfighters.

The Harlem Hellfighters
African Soldiers in World War I
India’s WW1 Hero You’ve Never Heard of

 

Below are links to the Powerpoint and assignments for the day.

Black and Asian Troops during World War One Powerpoint

Black and Asian Troops during World War One Guided Notes

Harlem Hellfighters Reading

Harlem Hellfighters Organizer Worksheet

We will also watch a trailer from the movie Joyeux Noel a movie which recounts the true and extraordinary Christmas truce of Christmas 1914 when German and Allied troops exchanged Christmas presents and played each other in soccer.

The graphic novel below is based on The Harlem Hellfighters; 200 Bonus points will awarded to students who read the novel and write a 1-page typed review.

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For more information on Black history in Great Britain see the website Black Presence in Britain- Black British History

World War I: A New Kind of War


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Today we will continue to examine World War One or The Great War as it came to be known. World War One began with great waves of patriotic enthusiasm but the enthusiasm soon died down as the war reached a stalemate on the Western Front and thousands died trying to claim a few feet.

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WWI also became a new type of war as new technologies led to new weapons and even more horrific ways to bring death to the battlefield. WWI saw the introduction to machine guns, poison gas, new artillery and high powered shells. Airplanes and tanks were seen for the first time on the battlefield. We will also see that the war spread to battlefields outside of Europe to the Ottoman Empire, Middle East, Africa and even Asia. When you come to class you will take about 5 minutes to take an online review quiz. Afterward, we will examine the war in more detail as we look at the powerpoint found below.

World War One-A New Kind of War Powerpoint

World War One- A New Kind of War Guided Notes

Europe Plunges into War Textbook reading

After we take notes we will break into groups and examine what makes World War I different than the wars that came before it. You will research with your group one of the following areas: Tanks, Poison Gas, Weapons, Aircraft, U-boats & submarines or Trench Warfare. If you are absent then you can complete the worksheet below.

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World War Definitions & Questions  (Substitute in case of absence)

New Unit: World War I


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Next, we will begin looking at World War One sometimes called the Great War.We will first examine the complicated causes and events leading up to World War One. These events are complicated but are based on four basic causes. These four causes or tensions were

  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism

But the spark that caused the explosion of World War One was the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914. As the Archduke and his wife were traveling through the streets of Sarajevo they were both killed by Gavrilo Princip a member of a Serbian nationalist group. Soon after recriminations and ultimatums were issued that led to multiple declarations of war that plunged all of Europe into a war that spread worldwide.

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Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife

Below are the links for the day:

Beginnings & Causes of World War 1 Powerpoint

Beginnings & Causes  of World War 1 Guided Notes

Causes of World War One Organizer 

Serb student assassinates Archduke and his duchess

 

African American Hero: William Shepherd


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Today you will read about the atrocities in the Congo under King Leopold and the actions of a little known African American hero who served as a missionary in the Congo. William Shepherd was one of the missionaries who risked his life by telling the wider world about the human rights abuses and deaths in the Congo. Shepherd also became renowned as an explorer. While black History month has just passed William Shepherd is an African American hero worth remembering. Read about Shepherd and then answer the questions in complete sentences and paragraphs. The links for the classwork is found below. If you finish early then you can catch up on incomplete work.

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William Shepherd-center

William Shepherd Missionary & Explorer Reading

William Shepherd Missionary & Explorer Worksheet

Imperialism in Africa Definitions and Cartoon  (Use as makeup work)

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Belgians working in the Congo cut off the hands of villagers who refused to harvest rubber or to show that they did not waste bullets. Reports by William Sheppard helped make the world aware of atrocities being committed against the native tribes.

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Imperialism:Scramble for Africa


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During the mid-1800s Africa was largely unknown and unexplored by Europeans but between 1880 and 1914 European nations competed among themselves to divide Africa up as colonial possessions. This is often called the Scramble for Africa as Europeans divided the continent up with no attention given to language or cultural differences. The impact of this division of Africa still impacts Africa today as the continent struggles with the legacy of imperialism.

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You will examine the PowerPoint fond below. Then you will read about the atrocities in the Congo and the actions of a little known African American hero who served as a missionary in the Congo. Finally, you will examine a political cartoon and complete definitions relevant to imperialism in Africa.

Scramble for Africa Powerpoint

Scramble for Africa Guided Notes

Africa Colonial Map & Current Africa Map  (You can use the maps below)

Imperialism in Africa Definitions and Cartoon  (Use as makeup work)

Scramble for Africa Textbook reading

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Africa After the Scramble, 1914

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Africa Today

Imperialism: Atrocity in the Congo


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Since this is the last day of class before Mardi Gras break we will watch the film White King, Red Rubber, Black Death. This film tells the story of the atrocities and genocide carried out by Belgium under King Leopold II.

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When King Leopold assumed the throne of Belgium he believed that he would become a great King and Belgium a great nation only if the country had colonies. Leopold manipulated the Berlin Conference in 1884 so the Congo became his personal colony. Great atrocities occurred to gain Leopold a great fortune from the rubber in the Congo basin. Leopold deserves a place among those like Hitler and Stalin because of the suffering Congo endured.

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Complete the constructed response questions while watching the film. Completed worksheets will be used as bonus points. It will either be used to replace missing work or as bonus points. (Also look on the bottom for another way for extra points)

White King, Red Rubber, Black Death Worksheet

Use the You Tube videos and watch the film. The entire film is not posted but is posted if order.

 

 

Another way to gain Extra Points 300 Points to anyone who reads:

  • King Leopold’s Ghost by Adam Hochschild
  • Read the book and write a 3 page double spaced typed report on the book. You can find a copy at the EBR Public Library. It is also available as an e-book at the EBR library.

 

Imperialism: The British Rule India


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Illustration: British general Robert Clive makes a secret deal to gain territory in India for Britain

Wednesday/Thursday examine imperialism by looking at the British takeover of India. The British began their conquest of India not with the landing of an army but with a desire to establish trade. The British East India Company was a joint stock company formed to establish trade between Britain and India & East Asia. Soon after establishing trading posts in East India the Company soon became entangled in Indian politics.

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As Britain gained an influence the Mughal empire slowly declined in power. As Britain controlled territory the British began to manipulating local rulers using the suggestion that their power depended upon British support. The East India Company had their own army largely composed of Indian soldiers called sepoys. British insensitivity led to the Sepoy Mutiny(or the War for Indian Independence as it’s called today in India). After a serious of massacres and atrocities on both sides, the British emerged victorious(with help from other Indians) and established India as a crown colony with Queen Victoria proclaimed the Empress of India. While the British brought some improvements they were mostly concerned with enriching themselves. By the end of the 19th century with the establishment of the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906 Indian nationalism began to unite Indians in their desire for Indian self-rule.

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Britain takes over India powerpoint

Britain Takes over India Guided Notes

British Imperialism in India Textbook Reading

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India State Map

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India Language Map

Imperialism in China & Japan Emerges as a World Power


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Europeans & Japan dividing China into spheres of influence

Monday and Tuesday we look at both the impact of imperialism on both China and Japan. China struggled to stay isolated from the European nations but found themselves dominated by Europe.

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Opium War Movie Poster

Japan also remained isolated for centuries but that isolation ended when US president Millard Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew Perry on a trade mission to Japan. Perry convinced the Japanese to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa which opened up Japanese ports to trade. The Japanese found this deeply humiliating and led to the Japanese drive towards modernization. Japan modernized so quickly that they became an industrial & imperial power. See the links below for Powerpoints and Worksheets.

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Commodore Perry in Japan: A Japanese perspective

Imperialism in China/Japan emerges as a World Power Powerpoint

Imperialism in China/Japan emerges as a World Power Guided Notes

China/Japan Constructed Response Questions

China Resists Outside Influence Textbook Reading

Japan Modernizes Textbook Reading

Imperialism in Southeast Asia Textbook reading

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Japan during the Meiji Restoration

Black History Project:African-Americans who have had an international impact


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This project is to be centered on African-Americans who have had an impact in countries around the world. Therefore it cannot have a subject that has only had an impact in the USA only. No current celebrities allowed. The subject must be an American.(So Nelson Mandela does not qualify)

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What is required?

You will have your subject displayed on a mini poster. No bigger than 18’x22’(about half the size of a regular poster). Include relevant pictures & captions. Someone should be able to read your poster and have a basic understanding of your subject.

1-page essay in your own words on your subject.  DO NOT cut & paste from Wikipedia! You will receive more points if you write in your own words with grammatical errors than if you cut & paste without grammatical errors.

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Possible Topics:

Martin Luther King in India

Louis Armstrong-International Goodwill Ambassador

Founding of Liberia

WEB Dubois in Ghana

Andrew Young UN Ambassador

Colin Powell-Secretary of State

Research African American Diplomats

Harlem Hellfighters

Tuskegee Airmen(Research 1 member of the Tuskegee Airmen)

Influence of the US Civil Rights Movement in another country

George Curtis Moore-Ambassador to Sudan

Larry Leon Palmer-diplomat

Ebenezer D. Bassett-1st African-American diplomat

The influence of Gandhi on Martin Luther King

Travels of Frederick Douglas to Ireland and England (his impact & reception there)

Condoleeza Rice-expert & scholar on Russia

Condoleezza Rice-Secretary of State (one accomplishment)

Colin Powell(Secretary of State -1 accomplishment)

Colin Powell-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

10th Calvary Regiment (buffalo Soldiers) during the Spanish American War

African Americans Who have received the Congressional Medal of Honor.Look at African Americans who received the award: Spanish-American War, World War 1, World War 2, Korean War, Vietnam War

Matthew Henson-explorer

William Shepherd-   explorer & missionary to the Congo

John L. Withers- ambassador to Albania

Johnny Young (diplomat) ambassador to 4 different countries

Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. ambassador

James Weldon Johnson- poet & US diplomat

Ralph Bunche-US diplomat & Nobel Peace Prize Winner

Ronald D. Palmer- US Ambassador to Malaysia & Togo

Terrance Alphonso Todman- served as US ambassador to Chad, Guinea, Costa Rica, Spain, Denmark, and Argentina.

Patricia Roberts Harris Secretary of HUD & Heath, Education, & Welfare. Later ambassador to Luxemburg

Elliot Skinner- American anthropologist and United States Ambassador to Republic of Upper Volta (Now Burkina Faso)

Ruth A. Davis- ambassador to Benin

Richard Fox- ambassador to Trinidad & Tobago

Joseph Monroe Segars- ambassador to Cape Verde

Harry K. Thomas present ambassador to the Philippines

Edward Joseph Perkins- US ambassador to the UN, Liberia, & South Africa (born in Louisiana)

John L. Withers, II- ambassador to Albania

Richard Allen-  founder in 1816 of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) denomination

John Day (born: 1797), Southern Baptist missionary to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Central Africa also a founder of Liberia

Note: Some of these people are still alive. Take the initiative and contact them through a letter or email. Invite them to address the class in person or online. Great way to get bonus points!

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Frederick Douglass mural in Belfast, Northern Ireland