Get ready for a Test and Catch Up!

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Before Thanksgiving break, we will take a test on the absolute Monarchs. Most of the test will be online. You will also have an opportunity to catch up since senior photos have caused many of you to miss classroom time.

Use this for an Absolute Monarchs textbook link for study

Before taking the test we will look at an atrocity that took place during the Thirty Years War. There will be at least two questions from this Powerpoint.

Sack of Magdeburg Powerpoint

Sack of Magdeburg Guided Notes

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Below are all the assignments you have had this grading period.

Spanish Armada Crossword

Spanish Armada Primary and Secondary Sources and Worksheet

8 block questions & Crossword

Palace of Versailles Virtual Tour Worksheet

For the above Virtual Tour Worksheet use Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles  Website   (Stockholm 360)

Reading Comprehension Worksheet

English Civil War Timeline

Monarchy in England & Oliver Cromwell character worksheet

Parliament limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading(use this reading for the Oliver Cromwell character worksheet)

Since we have been looking at European monarchs we have encountered Roman numerals. If you aren’t used to Roman numerals then they can be confusing. Use the link below to help understand how to understand Roman numerals.

WikiHow: How to Understand Roman Numerals

How did the Super Bowl start using Roman Numerals


Absolute Monarchy in Russia & Central Europe


Next, we will look at absolute Monarchy in Russia and Central Europe. First, we will examine Russia and then a quick overview of Central Europe including the Holy Roman Empire, The Thirty Years War, Austria, Prussia, and The Seven Years War.

Russia and Central Europe Powerpoint

Russia and Central Europe Guided Notes

The story of absolute monarchy and Russia is the story of the struggle between traditional Russian culture and the advances of Western European culture. You will examine 3 rulers of Russia, Ivan IV(known as Ivan the Terrible), Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great.


Ivan the Terrible

Peter the Great

Catherine the Great


Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great

Absolute Rulers of Russia Textbook Reading

Catherine the Great Textbook Reading

Lastly, you will answer constructive response questions and examine the character of Oliver Cromwell. You will be provided with a textbook section to complete the worksheet.

Monarchy in England & Oliver Cromwell character worksheet

Parliament limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading

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Monarchy in England


The story of the monarchy in England is the story of the struggle between the monarch and Parliament the legislative body of England. In contrast to the monarchs of Spain & France, the English monarchs were limited by Parliament. This culminated in the struggle between King Charles I and Parliament which resulted in the English Civil War. The Civil War ended with Parliamentary victory and a Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell. The Commonwealth ended with the death of Cromwell and Charles II became king with the Restoration of the monarchy in England. Yet the power of Parliament remained supreme for when King James II began to assert his power he was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution & his daughter Mary &  William of Orange become co-regents, William & Mary. Thus begins England as a constitutional monarchy. A monarchy which is limited by law.


The Powerpoint is found in the link below as well as the worksheet which includes a timeline & crossword puzzle. If you finish early you can work on your Monarch Facebook profile.


English Civil War  (1642–1651)

Monarchy in England Powerpoint

English Civil War Timeline

Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Textbook Reading

Ever wonder the difference between Great Britain, United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales, & Ireland? The video below will help you understand

Take of Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles


Last class period we looked at absolute monarchs in France which culminated in the Sun King Louis XIV. This week you will take a virtual tour of the grandest palace in the world the Palace of Versailles.  You will go to a website featuring a virtual tour of the Palace. You must examine 5 areas of the Palace and as you examine each area take notes and pay special attention to how the Palace reflects Louis XIV’s view of himself and monarchy. List and describe the items you see in the Palace. You can choose any areas of the Palace but everyone must examine the Hall of Mirrors(which also played a major role in the Paris Peace talks that ended WWI). When you finish summarize in at least 2 paragraphs by answering the following question: How does the Palace of Versailles reflect the desire of Louis XIV to be an absolute ruler & to be known as the Sun King?

Chateau de Versailles - Galerie des Glaces

Palace of Versailles Virtual Tour Worksheet

Palace of Versailles Virtual Tour Power Point (Has today’s Bellringer)

You can use any of the websites below. The Stockholm site is easiest to identify the rooms. The Google Streetview doesn’t have tourists. Use which is easiest for you.

Virtual Tour of the Palace of Versailles Website   (Stockholm 360)

Google Streetview of the Palace of Versailles 

You Visit- A tour of the Palace of Versailles (best for the Gardens)


Louis XIV The Sun King

When you finish you will complete a reading Comprehension worksheet on the Palace. Read about the history of the Palace of Versailles and then answer the 12 multiple choice questions.

Reading Comprehension Worksheet

We will also watch the following videos featuring The Palace of Versailles

Absolute Monarchs: France & Louis XIV

This week we will continue to discuss absolute monarchs by examining the development of the monarchy in France. We will begin by looking at the conflict between the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants) and the Roman Catholic majority, the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, and the ascent of Henry IV to the throne of France as he converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism so he can become King of France. The video below shows the horror of the St. Bartholomew’s  Day Massacre.


Much of our time though will be dedicated to discussing Louis XIV called the Sun King because he believed France and the world revolved around him. Louis declared ‘L’etat c’est moi’ I am the State. Louis XIV is the best example of an absolute monarch and had a greater impact both positive & negative on France than any other monarch.

Absolute Monarchy in France PowerpointAbsolute Monarchy in France Powerpoint

Absolute Monarchy in France Guided Notes

After finishing your notes we will complete an 8 block question organizer. Each block has a different style of question. Complete all and then complete the crossword puzzle on the back.

8 block questions & Crossword

SunKing Louis XIV The Sun King Symbol

The following textbook link will aid you in a deeper understanding of absolutism in France: Absolute Monarchy in France: The Reign of Louis XIV textbook reading

                                                                                                        louisxiv                                                                                    Louis XIV                                                                          

Finally, If we have time we will spend class-time watching the video below. The Rise and Fall of Versailles. 

Spanish Armada DBQ

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Today we will continue an examination of the Spanish Armada with the completion of a Spanish Armada DBQ(Data-based Question) The worksheet contains both primary and secondary sources which you will use to complete the worksheet.

  • We will review the Spanish Armada
  • Complete the short crossword
  • Read the primary sources & secondary sources.
  • Answer the Understanding questions
  • Analyze: write one or two sentences explaining the reasons for the defeat of the Armada
  • Prioritize the reasons for the Spanish defeat in order and explain the reasons for their importance
  • Write 3 paragraphs on why the Spanish Armada failed. Use your answers on the worksheet to help you complete your paragraphs. Make sure you refer to the primary & secondary sources. You can complete your paragraphs on the back of the crossword paper.

Spanish Armada Review Powerpoint

Spanish Armada Crossword

Spanish Armada Primary and Secondary Sources and Worksheet


We will also watch a trailer for the movie Elizabeth The Golden Age. The trailer presents the tension and battles of the age but the movie itself is highly inaccurate. In the movie, Sir Walter Raliegh is the leader of the English fleet but in reality, it was led by Lord Howard and Sir Francis Drake. The famous Tilbury speech given by Elizabeth is also very inaccurate in the movie.  For a review of the movie, its mistakes, and a good discussion of the Spanish Armada go this good website.

While you work we will watch the following BBC documentary on the Spanish Armada


Spain, England, and The Spanish Armada

spanish-golden-age                                                                                                            This week we will continue to examine Spain. We will see the beginning of the decline of Spain when the Spanish met their defeat when the English defeat their Spanish Armada.                                                                                                                                  Philip_II Phillip II of Spain                                                                                                Phillip II was a member of the Hapsburg family & King of the Spanish Empire. Phillip ruled a huge empire in the Americas as well as territories in Europe. The Hapsburg rule of Charles V and his son Phillip II is also considered the Golden Age of Spain as it coincided with a flowering of Spanish art, architecture, and literature. Spain was the superpower of her time as she grew wealthy through the gold & silver imports in her American colonies. Artists such as El Greco & Diego Velaquez and writers like Miguel de Cervantes were among the most influential artists during Spain’s Golden Age. We examined these painters before last class period. Philip sought to increase his power by wedding Mary Queen of England. The Horrible History video shows their ill-fated marriage.

Lastly, we will examine the attempt of Spain to defeat and invade England with their invincible Armada. The defeat of the Spanish Armada led to the decline of the Spanish empire and the growth of England as a world power.Armada Spanish Armada  


Spain, England, and the Spanish Armada Powerpoint

Spain, England, and the Spanish Armada Guided Notes

Lastly, you will work on Absolute Monarchy vocabulary using a LINCS table.You can find the definitions in the online textbook pages 72-89 or look on the page titled Supplemental Readings and use the 2 glossaries. Supplemental Readings is found here on this website.

Absolute Monarchy Vocabulary LINCS tables worksheet

Use the words below and look at the example as a guide.

Complete 9 of the words. Choose from the following words:

Absolutism, Divine right, Cavalier, stability, constitutional Monarch, Puritan, baroque, Armada, Absolute Monarch, dissenters, Parliament, autocratic, partition, mercenary

Your definitions should be similar to the example below


Because we are at the end of a grading period this work will be used as either bonus or Makeup!



New Unit: Absolute Monarchs

Absolute Monarchs: The Golden Age of Spain


This week we will begin a new Unit- Absolute Monarchs of Europe. Starting with the 16th Century we will examine the monarchs of Europe as they struggled to maintain their absolute hold on power.


We will look at what absolute monarchs are and their claim to authority. Then we will examine the Golden Age of Spain. Spain became the most powerful country in Europe under King Phillip II due to the vast amounts of gold & silver in their American colonies. We will see the great artists especially El Greco and Diego Velázquez.

We will also discuss Spain’s most famous writer Miguel de Cervantes who wrote one of the first and most famous novels Don Quixote de la Mancha. Afterwards, we will watch the movie version of the novel.

Absolute Monarchs and Golden Age of Spain Powerpoint

Absolute Monarchs and Golden Age of Spain Guided Notes

Since we are at the end of a grading period we will not have any new assignments.

Below are links to all work for this grading period

Age of Discovery Explorers Routes Map & Definitions

Exploration Constructive Response questions

Spain Conquers Guided Reading Worksheet

Explorers Reading and Puzzles/Questions worksheet

The Triangular Trade Guided Reading Worksheet

Columbian Exchange & Slavery Constructive Response Questions. (Answer in complete sentences)

Triangular Trade and Middle Passage Maps (You can use the maps on the PowerPoint or on this page

Scientific Revolution Short Answer, Guided Reading, Critical Thinking & Timeline Worksheet

Scientific Revolution Textbook Reading (Use this as a reading help)

Scientific Revolution Guided Reading

Galileo Galilei & the Scientific Revolution


We will conclude this unit by a closer look at Galileo Galilei. Galileo was the first astronomer to examine the skies using a telescope. But his agreement with Copernicus regarding the Heliocentric theory of the Solar System brought him into conflict with the Roman Catholic Church. We will take notes from a short Powerpointand watch the video below. Lastly, you will complete a Guided Reading sheet . Anyone who owes any work will have an opportunity to finish as well.  Later in the week we will take a short test on the Scientific Revolution

Galileo Galilei Powerpoint

Galileo Galilei guided notes

Galileo Guided Reading

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The Scientific Revolution Part 2



We will continue to examine the Scientific Revolution as we look at other scientists & thinkers who impacted history through their investigation and discoveries. We look at the contributions of Brahe and Kepler in astronomy & mathematics and Vesalius & Harvey in medicine & anatomy. But we shall pay special attention to the contributions of Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. Watch the video below in which the famous astronomer Neil deGrasse Tyson talks about the importance of Isaac Newton.

This will be a short powerpoint and you will then work on a worksheet with short answer questions as well as guided reading questions, critical thinking questions(answer in paragraph form) and a timeline. You will then have time to work on a Guided Reading Organizer. If you have time then complete any missing work.  Links are below:

Scientific Revolution Part 2 Powerpoint

Scientific Revolution Part 2 Guided Notes

Scientific Revolution Short Answer, Guided Reading, Critical Thinking & Timeline Worksheet

Scientific Revolution Textbook Reading

Causes -effects SR


Andreas Vesalius